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Current Issues - Articles

Language and State – Ganesh N. Devy

Abstract:

Language distinguishes human beings from other species. It is the foundation of human societies and knowledge. Every language offers a unique worldview, and any threat to language also implies that there exists a threat to our ways of lives, minds, and society. There are approximately 6,000 languages in the world, which in turn means that humans are able to look at the same world in 6,000-plus different ways..

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Transitioning to the future of work – The power of possibility
– Lakshmi M. Puri

Abstract:

Transitioning equitably and sustainably to the future of work and harnessing it’s full power of possibility, is at the heart of the much needed socio-economic transformation in India and the world. It is also crucial for good governance towards sustainable development for all. The population of the world is predicted to expand from 7.349 billion in 2015 to 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050 and up to 11.213 billion by 2100. These have implications for the labour markets in developing and developed nations and they are poised to undergo a major transition if not shocks in the upcoming years and decades. Broadly, the future of work has five dimensions, which are job quality, wage and income inequality, social protection systems, social dialogue, and industrial relations.Read Full Paper

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RTI As A Case Of Institutional Change – Himanshu Jha

Abstract:

This paper examines the process of institutional change through the lenses of transformation in the ‘information regime’ in India by tracing the evolution of the Right to Information Act (RTIA) 2005. The case of the RTIA. What explains this move towards institutional change? Why did the state decide to turn the page and initiate an institutional change in the existing legal regime? The paper unravels this puzzle and captures the why and how of institutional change. It contributes conceptually to the emerging literature on institutional change and presents a nuanced perspective on the dominant narrative of the RTIA evolution.Read Full Paper

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Understanding the Business of Vaccines: COVID-19
– Rajdeepa Maity & Rajeev Raman

Abstract:

Both the first vaccine produced to combat COVID-19, and the country of its production would not only have the financial edge over other countries, but also geopolitical supremacy. The current statistics of COVID-19 reported around hundreds of thousands of deaths in the world and counting. This article deals with the vaccine development process and costs related to COVID19 and also highlights the significance of open alliances in the biotech sector in a post-COVID regime. This article focuses on ways in which the challenging worldwide health crises of the current pandemic can be overcome in distinctly local ways through open, transparent, and collaborative practicesRead Full Paper

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Health inequalities in the UK- An overview of socio-economic
determinants – Vishal Chauhan

Abstract:

Health inequality has been a major cause of concern across the world largely among policy planners, medical professionals and citizens. Despite higher levels of per capita income, substantial differences in health status are found within developed countries. This can be attributed to a shift in disease burden from communicable diseases such as diarrhoea, tuberculosis, malaria to non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. as the economy grows. This article provides an overview of the socioeconomic determinants of health inequality within the UK and other developed countries despite higher per capita income. These fundamental causes are also applicable to developing countries, especially in urban areas.Read Full Paper

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Mega Events and Their Impact On the Economy – Kartik Agrawal & Nandini Agarwal

Abstract:

Since the 1980s the hosting of various Sporting Mega-events like FIFA and Olympics has become fiercely competitive with politicized bidding processes and strict hosting requirements. Host nations are willing to commit billions of dollars towards the process with the hope ofextracting large returns and advertise their nation and cities on a global platform. However, the available evidence reflects otherwise and shows that returns from these projects on various sectors of the economy have been quite limited in nature. Looking at multiple economic sectors, this paper finds that a careful analysis is needed while undertaking to host these events. This paper also highlights various problems within both the selection process and various committees like IOC or FIFA that select the hosting country for such events. We provide suggestions on how the budget allocation could be done and concerns that need to be addressed while hosting these events. These solutions could help derive maximum utility and efficiency of the budget thus allocated.Read Full Paper

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Planned Relocation: Mammoth Task for Fijian Government
– Saber Salem

Abstract:

Climate change is undeniably a global phenomenon, which requires timely global efforts and sincere commitments to save the planet before it is too late. The blue Pacific region as a whole is experiencing the destructive effects of climate change, arguably more so than any other nation in the world. Scientists warn us that this slow-in-motion phenomenon is claiming entire nations and will continue to do so. Nations will cease to exist on the face of the earth as early next century. Sea level rise is one of the biggest existential threats that the region is facing. Countries such as Tuvalu, Kiribati and the Marshall Islands have already started sinking, with their citizens looking for alternate countries.Read Full Paper

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