B.A. LL.B. (Hons)

Course Start Date
01 August 2021

Course End Date
31 July 2026

Duration
5 Years

Last Date to Apply
31-07-2021

Programme Fee (Yearly)
Rs. 6 Lacs

Important Notice

NOTIFICATION RELATING TO ADMISSIONS 2021-22

In the light of the decision of the Government of India to cancel the XII Board Examination (CBSE) and similar decisions taken by other Boards, O.P. Jindal Global University (JGU) will admit students for the academic year 2021-22 on the basis of the performance in the relevant entrance examination.

All students admitted to undergraduate programmes at JGU should have successfully completed their XII standard and should submit the Transcripts as and when it is provided to them by their respective Boards. 

Course Structure

The B.A. LL.B. (Hons) Curriculum at JGLS consists of compulsory and elective courses of maximum one semester. The compulsory courses are designed to ensure that every student gains a sufficient grounding in the fundamental branches of the law, as well as satisfying applicable requirements for admission to practice; the elective courses provide an opportunity to develop particular interests and to deepen understanding.

Each full semester course is worth 4 credits (with the exception of electives worth 1 to 4 credits), with 40 credits per year being the minimum full-time load adopted by the University. The normal full-time load in each semester is therefore 20 credits. Students may choose to take on a higher load subject to the prior consent of the Office of Academic Affairs. In no event shall the load for any semester be in excess of 28 credits.

In order to be awarded a B.A. LL.B. (Hons) degree, students must be awarded no less than 208 credits in total, distributed as follows:

  • Two English language courses, worth 8 credits in aggregate

  • At least 12 compulsory courses in the arts and humanities subjects, worth 48 credits in aggregate;

  • At least 20 compulsory courses in law, worth 80 credits in aggregate;

  • At least 14 elective courses (including 8 courses undertaken in pursuance of an honours degree), worth 56 credits in aggregate;

  • 4 Compulsory Clinical Courses, worth 16 credits in aggregate.

Students may be awarded credits for undertaking co-curricular activities which allow them to develop legal reasoning skills and enhance their understanding of the law. Credits earned on account of permissible co-curricular activity will count towards the total 208 credits required to be awarded a B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) degree.

Optional Credits

  • Teaching Assistantships:  Maximum of 8 Credits

  • Independent Research: Maximum of 6 Credits

  • Semester Exchange Programmes: Maximum of 24 Elective Credits

  • Summer/ Winter School: Maximum of 6 Credits

  • Membership in the Law Review (Jindal International and Comparative Law Review): Maximum of 6 Credits

Academic Programme

1st Year

Semester 1

  • Legal Methods
  • English I
  • Law of Torts including Consumer Protection Law
  • Sociology I
  • Political Science I

Semester 2

  • Law of Contract I
  • History I
  • Political Science II
  • English II
  • Sociology II

2nd Year

Semester 3

  • Family Law I
  • Law of Contract II
  • Law of Crimes
  • Economics I
  • History II

Semester 4

  • Constitutional Law I
  • Criminal Procedure Code, Juvenile Justice
  • Act, and Probation of Offenders Act
  • Property Law
  • Family Law II
  • Economics II

3rd Year

Semester 5

  • Constitutional Law II
  • Jurisprudence I
  • Civil Procedure Code and Law ofLimitation
  • Law of Evidence
  • Company Law I
  • Elective Course (Liberal Discipline)

Semester 6

  • Public International Law
  • Jurisprudence II
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Company Law II
  • Administrative Law and the Regulatory State
  • Moot Court and Trial Advocacy

4th Year

Semester 7

  • Interpretation of Statutes and Judicial
  • Process Law of Taxation
  • Environmental Law
  • Intellectual Property Rights
  • Elective Course (Liberal Discipline)
  • Elective Course (Liberal Discipline)

Semester 8

  • Labour Law I
  • Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing
  • International Trade Law
  • Human Rights Law and Theory
  • Elective Course (Liberal Discipline)
    Law Elective

5th Year

Semester 9

  • Labour Law II
  • Law Elective
  • Law Elective
  • Law Elective

Semester 10

  • Professional Ethics and Bar-Bench Relations
  • Law Elective
  • Law Elective
  • Law Elective

Note: These courses and the semesters in which they are taught may be subject to change from time to time.

Majors

The class will primarily analyze case laws, theoretical articles and the seminar style will be followed in this class. The course will try to analyze contemporary issues in an attempt to make the course topical. The course will also be comparative to an extent and it will compare Indian case laws with English case laws and articles. 

Alternative Dispute Resolution are a series of dispute resolution methods that are considered “alternative” to conventional litigation. These alternatives technique can be adjudicatory like arbitration or non-adjudicatory like meditation, negotiation or conciliation. These non-litigation methods have the advantage of totally avoiding the prolixity delay of the court system. It is generally accepted that these alternative methods have many added benefits like the preservation of relationships, confidentiality, party autonomy and an expert determination of the dispute and as such they have gained wide popularity in commercial world. The subject matter course is a introduction to these Alternative Dispute Resolution methods.   

This course covers topics in the legal history of colonial India and the early post-colonial state from the late eighteenth century conquests of India by the British till after the promulgation of the Indian Constitution in 1950. The main thrust of the course is to trace colonial legacies as well as departures in the modern Indian legal system.  

 

The course begins with the ways in which a modern legal system was installed in close conjunction with the colonization of the South Asian subcontinent. The simultaneous and closely intertwined transformation of law and society during the colonial period forms the bulk of the course. These transformations were wide-ranging and momentous – from property to the family, from religion to labour – we continue to live with many of its consequences. Indeed, we end by studying the surprising degree to which the Indian constitution continued the traditions of the colonial state. 

This course will instruct students in the basics of tort law.  We will begin with a theoretical background of torts and fundamental principles of liability. We will then cover intentional torts, unintentional torts, negligence, defamation, products liability/consumer protection, strict liability and vicarious liability. Students will also learn the affirmative defenses for the above torts.  

Course description: This is a basic course on the procedural protection for civil rights and obligations of citizens. The principal objective of the Course is to impart a basic understanding on the student of the functioning of the civil and commercial court system. It is a basic course on the following statutes (a) Code of Civil Procedure, (b) Law of Limitation, (c) Specific Relief and the various ancillary legislations.

 

This course is meant to be an overview of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) which underpins the functioning of the criminal justice system. Students will be taught the procedure to be followed by the police, the courts and other stakeholders when a crime has been committed. Starting from the filing of an FIR right to the investigation of the crime to the trial and sentencing of the accused, the students will be given a complete overview of criminal procedural law. This is a mandatory course for B.A. LL.B. 2013 

This course will explore the theories, legal materials, issues, systems, and debates that animate environmental law and ecological policy discourse in India and in varying local, regional and global contexts. This course will focus on three aspects; first an introduction to the subject in terms of tracing the history of the environment movement and environmental law scholarship. This involves, consideration of horizontal aspects (ethics, theories, general principles and legal sources, macro-issues) and vertical aspects (specific areas/fields/case-studies such as pollution, air laws, water laws, land laws, biodiversity, animal rights, desertification, climate change, indigenous people, sustainability, heritage, management of hazardous substances, development, trade, scientific uncertainty etc.). City-specific and urban aspects of environment law will be given equal attention along with aspects pertaining specifically to rural and non-urban landscapes. At the end of the course we aim to better understand how to conceptualize nature, culture and our (past, present and future) place in the universe.

  • Understanding and applying the sources of Public International Law 

 

  • Understanding the nature of the international legal system, actors in the international legal system and the concept of “international legal personality” 

 

  • Understanding and applying critical theoretical perspectives of traditional western interpretations of PIL, including Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) and feminist critiques 

Welcome to Law of Contract I! In your first introduction to the world of contracts, you will study the elements of a standard contract, how it is formed, its terms, the manner of performance, and the various legal challenges to the enforcement or performance of any agreement. This subject-matter will hold you in good stead throughout your law career and beyond, as contracts permeate our personal, professional and commercial lives.  

The Company Law courses are primarily intended to familiarize students with the Companies Act, 2013 (and may incidentally also, touch upon SEBI laws). While business entities and activities are generally regulated through a large swathe of laws, this course is concerned with regulation that is specific to this business form, the company. It therefore, focuses on developing a deep understanding of the structural features of the modern corporation. As earlier, legal personality and limited liability remain important themes in understanding the principles that have been developed for the regulation of corporations. However, while the first half of the course dealt largely with the transferable share and investor ownership, this second half will focus more on understanding the full implications of separation of ownership and management. A large portion of the course will therefore, deal with the management of the company and the rules that have been evolved to minimize the agency costs that result from this separation between ownership and management. Here, the students will also critically examine the manner in which the law on corporate governance has evolved in recent times. Aside, the course also deals with the manner in which the company interacts with other stakeholders. In the study of oppression and mismanagement, mergers and amalgamations and winding-up, the students will note the law remains somewhat cognizant of the manner in which companies affect creditors, employees and the public at large.  

 

This course, keeping with the mandate of the Bar Council, is mainly concerned with understanding the law concerning the transfer of rights in property – and particularly, immovable property. A bulk of the time allocated for this course will therefore, be spent on developing an understanding of the provisions of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. At the end of the course, the students can expect to emerge with a sound theoretical knowledge of the law to give effect to commercial land transfers like sale, lease, license and mortgage, and draft basic conveyance documents. And, to the extent necessary for this purpose, the students will also be introduced to the law on stamp duty and registration. 

 

This course covers aspects of the law that govern the formation and operation of companies in India. It will examine rules relating to formation of companies, their objects and powers; their constitution; their management and governance, as well as, nature and classes of shares; raising and maintenance of share capital; and transfer of shares. In order to provide an analytical framework for examination of these rules, consideration will also be given to concepts of separate corporate personality and limited liability, the generic principal-agent problems, and principles underlying share capital rules.   

Constitutional law provides an overarching framework that governs the relationship (horizontally) between the three branches of government, (vertically) between the federal and state governments and also between citizens and the state. In the Indian context, constitutional law is embodied in a written text that forms the supreme law of the land since “the people of India” are presumed to have given the constitution to themselves in exercise of their sovereign authority. Consequently, all government actions and laws passed by parliament and the state legislatures are subordinate to and must conform to constitutional provisions. The Indian Constitution in Part III contains (like the American Constitution but unlike the British) a written bill of rights.  

If only one word was needed to describe this course – it would be Federalism.  This course deals with the Federal aspects of our Constitution.  The course begins with an examination of the Nature of the Indian Union by looking at the judicially evolved rules regarding the powers of the Union Parliament to cede, acquire or redistribute territory of the Indian Union.  The first unit also initiates the students into the study of federalism in India, to which most of this course per force is devoted.  The course then moves into an examination of the Union Cabinet and the State Cabinet functions, the nature of the office of the President and the Governor, and the constitutional issues that have arisen therefrom.  The core of this course is the third unit that deals with Legislative Competence Review – the second of the three kinds of the judicial reviews provided under our Constitution Law.  The course then moves on to a critical study of the judicial appointments in higher judiciary in India as well as the institutional role of the Supreme Court and the High Courts as protectors and enforcers of the Fundamental Rights (the bulk of which is covered in Constitutional Law I, thus not much time is spent on this issue here apart from institutional and jurisdictional concerns).  The course then moves on to four specifically designed units that examine closely the judicially evolved doctrines and constitutional limitations on the Union Parliament and State Legislatures coming out of Taxation Clauses, Trade and Commerce Clauses and Emergency Clauses.  The fourth of these inquires is in the areas of Doctrine of Basic Structure. 

Lawyers need to figure out how best to present their cases to someone who does not know the facts. Hence the ability to articulate one’s thoughts, legal opinions and conclusions effectively through the medium of writing is a fundamental aspect of being a good lawyer.

 

This course aims to provide basic groundings in the current macroeconomic issues of the global economy. In the process, this course aims to familiarize the students of law with the fundamental principles of macroeconomics. The approach of this course is to critically look at the standard theories, policy recommendations and responses. Also, this course makes an attempt to contextualize the discussion in and around the experiences of the third world countries-especially India.  

 

This course is intended to be an introduction to economics to students without any background in the subject. There are three main objectives the course sets out for itself. Firstly, the course strives to introduce the fundamental building blocks of microeconomic theory—market demand and supply, consumer behavior/choice, production and cost, different market structures (perfect competition, monopoly etc.), externality and so on and so forth. In addition to this, it is the intention of this course to spell out, as clearly as possible, the underlying assumptions that allow the arguments of standard economic theory to go through and subject these assumptions to critical scrutiny. These include, and are not limited to, the ideas of rationality (utility maximizing behavior for consumers, profit maximizing or cost minimizing for producers), efficiency (discussions for criteria for allocative efficiency including Pareto, Kaldor-Hicks) etc. More fundamentally, besides seeking to critically assess the claim to value neutrality of the discipline because of the usage of mathematics and deductive logic as a tool of analysis, the course will subject the foundational assumptions of the neoclassical model to critical scrutiny. Lastly, the course seeks to demonstrate, using case studies and examples, the applications of economic theory in real life (such as government intervention in cases of minimum wages, price support etc.). 

The course further builds upon the skills of reading, writing and critical thinking acquired by students in the previous semester. It focusses on legal language and research acumen required by the scholars at this level. The course will try to analyse contemporary issues in the area of law and language through an examination of articles on law, landmark judgements/legal cases and literary texts. It will introduce them to legal reasoning and syllogistic fallacies. The students will also learn foreign words and terminology often found in various branches of law.

In this course, the students will engage with the principles of critical thinking, sound reasoning and argumentation through a close examination of literary and legal texts. While we all may think on a day-to-day basis, not many of us think critically. Critical thinking is a process that requires training and the development of specific skills—analysing information, evaluating arguments and opinions, and solving problems. Through a series of reading, writing, and oral assignments, the course will familiarise students with the mechanics of close reading, and the relationship between language and logic in examining arguments. The course also aims to introduce students to the conventions of academic writing and business communication. 

‘Family’ in India suffuses both the private and public aspects of our daily lives. Family is not only who we spend our lives with, and an important anchor of our identities, but is also how we conduct our politics1 and the way we do our business.2 It is how we practice and produce law3, and is a key determinant in the distribution of resources in any society. In every way, ‘family’ is the primary vehicle through which we reproduce our society, not simply inter-generationally, but on a daily basis.  

Quite naturally, then, the law is deeply invested in defining, and governing the space called family. Family law, whether narrowly construed to mean only the laws that determine on what terms ‘families’ may be forged, continued and dismantled – marriage, guardianship, inheritance and divorce law – or taken its widest sense to mean the protean body of all laws structuring and governing families – including within its sweep aspects of criminal law, procedural law, banking and insurance law, taxation laws, service laws and constitutional law – forms an important bulwark upon which the edifice of the law stands today. No branch of law that one may study in law school, or take up as a career – from labour law, to corporate law, taxation law and even intellectual property – is ever too remote from the question of family. 

In this course, we shall familiarize ourselves with the rules of intestate and testamentary succession, or in other words, the rules governing transmission of property from one generation to the next. In Family Law I, we learnt how law regulates the family by defining the conditions of its formation through marriage, the rights and obligations of the members while the marriage subsists and also after its dissolution. In Family Law II, we build upon that foundation by exploring how property is distributed within and through the family. 

This course has two aims. First, it covers key themes in the history of modern South Asia in order to provide a foundational knowledge of the historical study of the region. Second, it gives a feel for the interpretive possibilities in the discipline of history. It does so through a focus on historiography – the different schools of thought about historical events – and an emphasis on the diverse sources for the study of history. The course is designed to enable students to critically analyse not only historical events but also to think about contemporary Indian politics and society in historical terms. It begins with a survey of the politics, culture and society of the early sixteenth century, i.e. the Mughal period, and then goes on to survey important themes in the early colonial and late colonial periods. It ventures into the post colonial period to provide students an exposure to select themes in contemporary Indian politics, and the post colonial history of Pakistan to deepen their knowledge base of South Asian history. By introducing students to both the discipline of history and important themes in modern South Asian history, this course will serve as a base for a more advanced course on legal history in the third semester at JGLS.

  • The first part of the course examines the origins, development and history of human rights. 
  • The second part of the course examines the origins, development and key principles that underpin modern international human rights law.
  • The third part of the course examines the UN human rights protection system and thematic areas of rights including religion, torture, reproductive rights and the right to education.

The final week of the course reviews the content of the course and considers the future of human rights from both a theoretical and critical perspective.

International trade has gone up considerably in the last few decades. This was governed by GATT rules. However, in view of the changing realities, these rules proved inadequate. Therefore the WTO came about with a much wider set of rules to govern international trade. The principles for governing international trade remain the same. They include Most-Favoured Nation Treatment, Tariff Bindings, National Treatment, and Elimination of Quantitative Restrictions. There are now many new agreements centered around these principles. These relate to trade in agricultural and non-agricultural goods, services, and intellectual property. Remember that the GATT only dealt with trade in goods. It is imperative to mention that with this plethora of rules in existence, there are also a large number of exceptions to the rules. Apart from these new laws, there is one new agreement dealing with dispute settlement in the WTO. This was briefly mentioned in the GATT but the WTO devotes an entire agreement to it. It creates a two tier procedure and also has provision for third party participation, a very innovative feature. Moreover, amicus curiae participation has also been allowed. 

This course introduces students to various theories of judicial process and canons of statutory interpretation. The aim of the course is to help students understand the nature and limits of interpretation and the structure of legal reasoning, besides applying various principles and rules of interpretation to justify claims about law. The course engages with various judicial approaches to canons of construction as well as the assumptions and implications of these approaches.

This course offers an introduction to Intellectual Property Law (IP). In addition to familiarizing students with the fundamentals of IP law and the various rights and subject matters that comprise this broad legal category, the course while focusing on the major forms of IPR, particularly copyrights, trade marks and patents; shall explore the theoretical premises, principles, and policies that underpin IP systems.  

Literally translated, jurisprudence means ‘wisdom about the law’. This course aims to do just what it says on the tin. But if this is the course that makes you wiser about the law what about everything else you study in law school? To be sure, they too do make you wiser, but about specific areas and doctrines in the law, about specific legal regimes and the like. Jurisprudence, on the other hand, is a general reflection about the law which is undertaken at a certain level of abstraction (more below on the utility of studying something this abstract). Such being the nature of jurisprudence, it involves forays into the many areas in the intersection of which the law is situated e.g. philosophy, sociology, economics and politics. This course will emphasize more on philosophy, by which I mean that we will emphasize on philosophical reflections on the law by philosophers, more than economists and sociologists etc. The names of some of the philosophers we will be reading might ring a bell: Bentham, Austin, Hart, Kelsen, Dworkin, Raz (no need for alarm bells if they don’t). We will also have the occasion to consider debates on the hardy perennials of philosophy in the public domain—What is justice? Can the state prohibit conduct merely because it is immoral? 

Jurisprudence is presented in most standard text books as a set of narratives arranged in a linear chronological order naturalism, positivism, realism, critical legal studies, feminist jurisprudence, postmodern jurisprudence and soon. These narratives offer an understanding of the roles and functions of law in a given society, especially as it pertains to the relationship between as over eign authority and subjects. Each narrative claims to offer unique interpretive, descriptive, evaluative and explanatory perspectives that both respond to the epistemological questions of ‘what’ law is ,or ought to be, as well as offer methodological insights for answering the ‘why’, ‘where’, ‘when’ and ‘how’ questions that help us make better sense of law’s social, political, economic and cultural lives. However, these narratives contest for prominence by critiquing other narratives mostly the one immediately preceding.

 

Protection of labour is a constitutional mandate. A constitution inspired by the vision of social justice is committed to the cause of upliftment of labour. Well balanced industrial development leads to increased productivity which in turn is a factor of national progress. Labour makes significant contribution in this respect.

Protection of labour is a constitutional mandate. A constitution inspired by the vision of social justice is committed to the cause of upliftment of labour. Well balanced industrial development leads to increased productivity which in turn is a factor of national progress. Labour makes significant contribution in this respect.

 

This course is a mandatory course for 5yr BA.LLB, BBA LLB and LLB- students and will serve as an introduction to law of crimes. It will seek to provide a basic overview of the Indian Penal Code and the basic concepts in understanding law of crimes so as to equip the students with an understanding of the fundamental problems of Indian and comparative criminal law.

  • An introductory course on law of evidence which is one of the most fundamental branches of law.  
  • An elementary course aiming at developing the capabilities to understand and apply the general principles of relevancy and admissibility. 
  • Structured in a fashion so as to encourage the students to appreciate the underlying principles of law of evidence. The course serves a dual purpose- One, to technically equip students to be able to read the legal text and apply the same in actual cases. Second, the course aims to scrutinize certain areas of evidence critically so as to infuse the spirit of questioning and law reforms. 

India has a comprehensive tax structure. The power to levy taxes and duties is distributed among the three tiers of Government, in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Constitution. Broad classification of the taxes is done under the categories of direct and indirect taxation. The Central government, the state governments and the local bodies levy and collect different types of taxes in accordance with the provisions of the relevant legislation. Since taxes can’t be levied or collected without the authority of the Constitution, the course studies how specific legislations must satisfy the test of that any of these legislations shall not be in violation of the provisions of the Constitution. The taxes levied shall not be arbitrary or without legislation. The efficient collection of both, the income based and the consumption based taxes, contribute towards the development of the nation and also in meeting the costs of governance. 

This introductory course covers legal methods for students of law; one learns to critically read statutes, cases and other legal and legally-relevant material, and to identify and resolve issues that involve the law. The syllabus includes selected analytical legal materials and aims to provide a familiarity with the context, syntax and grammar of law that is vital to address situations that lawyers, judges and legal institutions have to regularly engage with. Through the detailed study of selected legal materials, the course also hopes to provide students of law with a picture of the different approaches, attitudes, theories and philosophies that make law such an exciting subject of scholarly studies.

 

A skill-based course that aims to develop the practical skills required in moot courts and trail advocacy through both theoretical knowledge and clinical application. 

This introductory course to political science will acquaint students with foundational concepts of political theory and thought. In addition, it will familiarize students with the functioning of the Indian political system while also providing a comparative perspective vis-à-vis other political systems in the world.

Political Science II is the second part of the compulsory course on Political Science intended for first year students of BALLB. Political Science II focused on the basic concepts and issues in politics, namely- what is politics, power, ideology, state, and the theories of Marxism, Liberalism, and Feminism. 

This course will analyse the professional ethics as prescribed by the Bar Council of India, in addition to covering critical readings in the area. The Course shall introduce (a) the regulation of the legal profession as per the Advocates Act, 1961 and other statutes, and (b) the ethical underpinning of legal rules. One module of the syllabus will also focus on Indian case laws as well as global debates in the field of legal ethics so as to make the course comparative and engaging.  

 

Sociology is a systematic study of society.  It is a dynamic discipline as sociologists study a rapidly changing culture which requires a constant review of theories and methods of research.  It is an intellectually challenging subject as it closely engages with the issues which threaten human society such as climate change or crime or global inequality.  

Sociology and Law are distinct disciplines with well-established scholarly traditions in theories, methods for research and enquiry. The complexity of social problems has resulted in dynamic interaction between a wide range of disciplines. Law alone cannot address all social problems as they are rooted in wide-range of processes, community practices and institutions. Sociology as a discipline provides understandings of what are these processes; practices and institutions structure an individual’s life. However, informal social processes or institutions cannot always address human and social problems. Therefore, formal mechanisms such as law play a vital role in structuring human life in various ways.  A systematic study of sociology and law could deepen our understanding of society and also responses which could result in the improvement of human life. 

Max Weber, in his germinal book Economy and Society, distinguished between two approaches of studying law in terms of their differing objectives. The jurist, assuming the empirical validity of the legal propositions, examines each of them and tries to determine its logically correct meaning in such a way that all of them can be combined in a system which is logically coherent—i.e., free from internal contradictions. The sociologist, on the other hand, contemplates the interconnections and interpretation of human activities as they actually take place. As Weber explains, ‘one exists in the ideal realm of the “ought,” while the other deals with the real world of the “is.”’ This course aims to introduce students to the latter approach that engages with law in its social settings—in the intersection of the normative and the empirical. While law students, typically study state legal norms declared by authoritative sources like judgments and statutes, sociology with its empirical approaches studies the working of these normative laws in society.