Inequality Of Access Across India

India despite being one of the fastest growing economies in the world in recent years, the average Indian remains relatively poor due to a highly-skewed income distribution and inequitable access to basic social and economic services. The poorer half jostles for less than 4.1% of national wealth while relational inequities continue to rise across states. This gap of more than four times between the richest and the poorest state in India is seen to be responsible for one of the highest level of disparity in the developing world, subsequently affecting delivery mechanisms and access to basic social services such as basic education, healthcare, credit institutions, law enforcement justice mechanisms and other basic amenities (drinking water and sanitation).


Deepanshu Mohan: He talked about creating awareness of sustainability development goals as a requirement of framework in the monitoring targets of India. This study is an aggregation of some indexes to draw out some pillar very clearly. He further discussed about capital accumulation and the failure of trickled down growth. The objective of this in-depth data analysis is to initiate policy level discussions on minimizing levels of unequal opportunities for citizens residing across identified states of the country. They made an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of drivers of social inequality across states in terms of their spatial access to social and economic services- illustrated by a new index – Social Equality Index.


Serene Vaid: She discussed about the limitation of the study. Firstly, most of the data has been collected from the census of 2011 and it is believed there maybe many changes since than. Secondly, there were lack of data for certain states for which all states could not be compared. The study does not talk about the intra state variations and about the quality of the study which can be an extension to the study later.  She later elaborated on the hierarchical standing of all major states considered in the study in terms of access to secondary as well as tertiary educational institutions.


Richa Sekhani: She continued by emphasising on the analysis done in the healthcare sector critically. There is a dearth of per capita accessibility. Regardless of the services within the premise, it is not accessible to all the people, keeping in mind of migration and as well as the population of the state. The study lacked the lens of geographical proximity. The result which popped was that household availing banking system is below the average of all India ratio.

Critical analysis by


Anamika Srivastava and Indranil Mukhopadyay:

The paper conceptualises the access of inequality and it talked about opportunities. The paper does not rank any states which clearly opens the audience’s narrative to ponder upon. The differential access of social service needs to be looked upon.  Some more parameters in the area of education could be extended more. The physical availability of government healthcare services in India and its findings from a social efficiency index is not about inequality nor access. A greater monitoring of district-level expenditures providing education, health care services and other basic amenities within each average, below average and least performing state is key in minimising the inequality of access within and across such states.