Prof. Shivaraj S. Huchhanavar

Prof. Shivaraj S. Huchhanavar

Associate Professor

PhD (Durham University)

LLM (Karnataka State Law University)

BALLB (Karnataka University Dharwad)


Dr. Shivaraj is an Associate Professor at Jindal Global Law School (JGLS), O.P. Jindal Global University (Institution of Eminence). He holds a PhD in law from Durham University. He completed an LLM (with First Rank and a Gold Medal) from Karnataka State Law University and a BALLB from Karnataka University Dharwad. Before joining JGLS, Dr. Shivaraj worked as a tutor at the School of Law, Durham University (UK). He also worked as a Research Fellow at the National Judicial Academy of India, Bhopal, for over three years, where he designed and delivered over 20 judicial training programmes in the form of conferences, workshops, and retreats for various levels of judges from India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

Dr Shivaraj’s current collaborative research explores and proposes to predict delays in Indian lower courts using Explainable Artificial Intelligence. His research further explores the potential for domain-specific language models to enhance the efficacy of legal chatbots (legal question-answering tools). Dr. Shivaraj’s PhD thesis critically analyses judicial conduct regulation regimes in India and the UK and foregrounds the implications of judicial conduct regulation regimes on judicial independence and accountability in both jurisdictions. It examines judicial independence and judicial accountability from a regulatory perspective. Publications emerging from his PhD research emphasise that judicial conduct regulation regimes should adequately emphasise all three facets of judicial independence: individual, internal, and institutional. Dr Shivaraj’s research demonstrates that the regulatory regimes in India undermine individual and internal judicial independence, whereas the regulatory regimes in the UK underemphasize internal judicial independence.

Dr. Shivaraj also has publications on the contemporary problems facing the Indian judiciary, delay and pendency in courts, judicial self-governance, independence, accountability and transparency, and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

  • Shivaraj Huchhanavar (2024) ‘From transformation to dilution: The weakening of the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act through judicial decisions’ The Leaflet (14 April 2024) <>
  • Shivaraj Huchhanavar (2022) ‘Is the system of self-regulation among India’s judges fit for purpose? U4 Anti-corruption Resource Centre’ (27 June 2022) <>
  • Shivaraj Huchhanavar (2020) ‘Regulatory mechanisms combating judicial corruption and misconduct in India: a critical analysis’ Law and Other Things (10 August 2020) <>
  • April 2024 ‘Caste, Courts and Controversies: the Narrowing Scope of the SC/ST Act Through Judicial Rulings’ in Seminar on Caste, Constitution, and Democracy: Commemorating 133rd Birth Anniversary of Dr B R Ambedkar, JGLS, Sonipat.
  • November 2023 ‘Comparative scholarship in the age of judicial self-governance: relevance, challenges and future directions’ in The ‘Comparative’ in Public and Private Law: Implications for Legal Education, UNSW and JGU Symposium, JGLS, Sonipat.
  • July 2023 ‘Predicting delays in Indian lower courts using AutoML and Decision Forests’ in 2nd International Conference on Computing IoT and Data Analytics 2023.
  • June 2021 ‘Judicial Independence and Accountability in India’, Special Lecture, KLE’s Law College, Bangalore.
  • June 2019 ‘Enforcing judicial accountability through regulatory mechanisms in India and the UK: revisiting the conceptual framework’ Durham Law School PGR Conference.
  • February 2017 ‘Checks and Balances: Areas of Silence’ Inaugural Lecture on the occasion of a National Seminar on The Concept of Checks & Balances in the Indian Constitution: Does it Require Reconsideration? Amity University, Gwalior.
  • February 2017 ‘Parliamentary Privileges and Judicial Activism and Immunity’ Session Chair in a National Seminar on Concept of Checks & Balances in Indian Constitution: Does it Require Reconsideration? Amity University, Gwalior.
  • March 2015 ‘Role of Whistle-blower Act in Good Governance’ Paper Presentation at the National Conference on Law and Governance in Contemporary Perspectives, Shri Ram College of Law, Muzaffarnagar.
  • May 2015 ‘Acid Attacks a Social Menace: Socio-Legal Issues with Special Reference to the Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013’ Paper Presentation in the National Seminar on Gender Equality, Feminism in Contemporary India: Issues and Challenges, Libra College of Law, Dehradun.
  • March 2014 ‘Healthy Environment as Basic Human Right in International Law’ Paper Presentation in the International Seminar on INDO-UK perspectives on Public and Transactional Law, Law Department Bangalore University in association with British Council, Chennai.
  • October 2014 ‘Inter-relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State policy,’ Special Lecture at K.L.E. Society’s Law College, Chikkodi.
  • April 2013 ‘Remedies outside the Court System in India: Past and Present’, a Paper Contribution to the International Arbitration Conference, CMR Law School, Bangalore.
  • April 2012 ‘The Legal System in Ancient India’ in the International Conference on Rethinking Legal Education in India, Karnataka State Law University, Hubli.


  • Refresher Course for POCSO Court Judges, 14-16 September 2018, NJA, Bhopal.


  • Conference of Registrars dealing with Court Procedures and Process Reengineering, 8-10 September 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Training Programme for Bangladesh Judicial Officers [co-hosted], 11–15 October 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Workshop for Magistrates on Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, 17–19 November 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Regional Conference on Enhancing Excellence of the Judicial Institutions: Challenges & Opportunities, East Zone-I [co-hosted], 16-17 December 2017, Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
  • Training Programme for Bangladesh Judges (For Senior Assistant Judges, Assistant Judges, and Magistrates) [co-hosted], 5-11 January 2018, NJA, Bhopal.
  • South Zone Regional Conference on Enhancing Excellence of the Judicial Institutions: Challenges & Opportunities [co-hosted], 24-25 February 2018, Hyderabad, Telangana.
  • National Judicial Conference for High Court Justices, 4-6 May 2018, NJA, Bhopal.


  • Training Programme for Judicial Officers from Sri Lanka [co-hosted], 20–24 August 2016, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Annual National Seminar for the Legal Service Authority Functionaries on Access to Justice and Legal Aid, October 1-2, 2016, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Annual National Seminar on the Functions of Registrar (Vigilance/Inspection) in Different High Courts, 5–6 November 2016, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Training Programme for Judicial Officers from Sri Lanka [co-hosted], 14–18 November 2016, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Annual National Seminar on the Working of Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals in India, 18–19 February 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Annual National Seminar on the Functions of the Registrar (Administration) in Different High Courts [co-hosted], 11-12 March 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Regional Conference on Enhancing the Excellence of Judicial Institutions: Challenges & Opportunities [co-hosted], 1-2 April 2017, Gangtok, Sikkim.
  • Annual Conference on Stress Management [co-hosted], 15-16 April 2017, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Training Programme for Judicial Officers from Sri Lanka [co-hosted], 20–24 April 2017, NJA, Bhopal.


  • Conference on the Functions of Registrar (Vigilance and Intelligence), 28–30 September 2015, National Judicial Academy India (NJA), Bhopal.
  • Seminar on Employment Laws and Judicial Practices [co-hosted], October 28-31, 2015, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Conference on the functions of Registrar (Administration), 30 Nov. to 1 Dec. 2015, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Training Programme for Labour Tribunal Presidents of Sri Lanka, 18 to 22 December 2015, NJA, Bhopal.
  • Stress Management Workshop (for High Court Justices), 27-28 February 2016, NJA, Bhopal.
  • 2018-2022 Durham Law School PhD Studentship awarded by Durham University in support of Mr Shivaraj’s PhD research.
  • 2022 EDAPT PGR Agile Thinking Polaris Prize [£250].
  • 2020 PGR Support Fund for Research Visits [£500] from Durham Law School.
  • 2010-2012 Nani Palkhivala Memorial Trust gold medal for the highest score in LLM from KSL University, Hubli.
  • Artificial Intelligence and Courts
  • Judicial Governance and Regulation
  • Judicial Independence
  • Judicial Accountability
  • Occupational Stress Among Judges