B.A. (University of Toledo);
Diplôme des Etudes Supérieures, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris);
ABD, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris)
Born in Toledo, Ohio, began her university studies in the United States, at the University of Toledo, Ohio where she earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with a double major in History and English Literature.
She completed her graduate studies in France at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS – School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences), a leading French research and degree-granting institution. She was awarded the Diplôme d’Etudes de l’EHESS, an advanced degree equivalent to a Master of Arts, in the ethnology of the Arab world. Her dissertation, the fruit of three years of field research in the Tunisian Sahara, was entitled “Cent Ans de Séderisation” (“One Hundred Years of Sedentarisation”), an ethnographic study of a Bedouin tribe in transition from seasonal nomadism to an economy based on migrant remittances. The French National Library selected her dissertation for their archived research base.