Principal Investigators: Amlan Das Gupta and Ridhima Gupta (IISER Bhopal)
The project studied the impact of traditional vis a vis modern methods in dairy farming in India on the amount of methane emissions from this sector. India is the second largest emitter of methane from livestock production in the world (Highly potent greenhouse gas). The project aimed at documenting the current as well as the predicted future path of methane emissions from milk in India, taking into account adoption rates of modern emission reducing technologies. The study found India is the biggest producer of milk in the world and home to the highest number of livestock. Methane emissions from maintaining this huge livestock is a concern. It has been pointed out that the Indian milk sector could be reformed to produce the same quantity with a smaller number of animals and less emissions. About three quarters of this milk comes from small dairy farmers who will need to change their production methods if this transformation has to happen. This paper attempts to map the evolution of methane emissions from small dairy farmers in India using micro data to model the farmer’s choice of breed. Non-Indigenous breeds have been known to have higher yields and less emissions for every liter of milk. Our findings suggest that the small dairy farmers in India are likely to adopt indigenous breeds more in the future further increasing emission levels from this sector. The most likely reason is that cattle rearing is seen as a consumption smoothing device and uncertainty in the agricultural sector is likely to increase.
Principal Investigators: Ram B. Ramachandran and Shalini Goel
The research will identify focus on Indian entrepreneurs/startups in specific emerging educational technology areas of Artificial Intelligence and Virtual/Augmented Reality. The research will also identify the impact of India’s educational policies and programmes in promoting innovation in these areas.
Principal Investigators: Amlan Das Gupta, Soumyadip Roy and Ram B. Ramachandran
Project looks at operations of dairy cooperatives and the production methods of dairy farmers in Haryana. The objective is to understand the incentives and challenges involved with matching global best practices in either case.
Principal Investigator: Shohini Sengupta
The project tracks global macro-prudential regulation focused on systemic risk, including bank regulation, and cross-sectoral regulatory responses in the insurance sector, capital markets, pension, housing finance, and other allied sectors. It also tracks social security regulatory responses in India. The fundamental objective of the Covid-19 tracker will be to provide continuous data, available freely to other researchers and interested parties; and to enable subsequent analysis on global financial regulatory practice.
Principal Investigator: Soumyadip Roy
This project examines trends in higher education sector in India. We use data from the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India to see trends in privatization of the higher education sector. We also see the gendered aspects of higher education – fields which have higher or lower representation of women faculty and students, and the reasons behind such concentrations. We intend to extend the analysis to see how these mechanisms affect the quality of higher education in India.
Principal Investigator: Shalini Goel
This research aims to assess if influencers play a role in motivating their followers through their content to adopt sustainable products and/or practices.