Prosecuting hard-core cartels comes first in the agenda of global competition agencies, especially those of the developing world where such arrangements spike price, reduce production and delay technological developments, harming consumer welfare. Latest research shows that cartels in developing countries have caused prices to rise by 25 per cent over their competitive benchmarks; accounting for actual consumer loss up to one per cent of the GDP of the developing world (OECD, 2015).
Academic life is an ethical enterprise. If you have any doubts, try spending time in a high-security Iranian prison, as I did, detained not for anything I did but for the views I hold. After 125 days in solitary confinement, I understood well that being an academic means more than teaching students and jockeying for tenure. I will never forget the support of hundreds of academics around the world who signed an open letter to Iran’s president demanding my release. If not for the efforts of scholars like Richard Rorty and Michael Ignatieff, I might have spent more time in prison.
The Mahatma’s approach to politics in terms of ‘resistance’ and ‘protest’ beyond a conception of domination over others provides a potential antidote to the contemporary crisis of democracy.
The lawyers have a tremendously important role to play. What they present to the judge, one of those versions will be treated as the truth, convictions and judgments based on it. This requires an excellent quality of lawyers.
Over the past two decades, state governments in India have increased their engagement with the outside world. This outreach has increased in recent years – especially the last two — as a consequence of the current Modi government laying a strong emphasis on subnational diplomacy.
Recently, information commissioner Madabhushi Sridhar Acharyulu overturned the decision of the First Appellate Authority of Delhi University, which had refused to divulge details of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s graduation degree in response to an RTI application. Little did Acharyulu know that he would face repercussions for upholding the democratic ideals of the Right to Information Act on principle.
"If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear."—George Orwell
There has been a flurry of developments in India’s innovation landscape since the country announced its National IPR Policy, earlier last summer. The policy document rightly underscores the government’s recognition of the importance of strong intellectual property rights for fostering innovation and to ensure the success of its flagship programmes of Startup India and Digital India. Although this is a welcome move, but India needs to adopt measures for implementing such forward-looking policies as well.
Since the Paris Climate Conference in 2015, India vouched to increase its renewable energy production by 175 gigawatts. These broad claims made many wonder whether India would ever be able to achieve this feat, until now. The government’s energy advisory board in a statement said that India could meet its energy needs by 2022, without the need for more coal-powered plants.
All of us are morally culpable in such an evil unless we call out the atrocities committed by the State.
Attaining a degree is a sign of formal education but it no more guarantees individual growth, social stability or financial security. Skill education is the need of the hour for outcome-based learning that respond to global reality and learner’s aspiration, says Nisha Nair.
THE recent recommendation by the Election Commission of India to amend the Representation of People's Act, 1951 for disclosing the details of anonymous donations in excess of Rs 20,000 has created hysteria among the political parties. The present discourse on accountability of anonymous donations made to political parties is guided by Section 29C of the Representation of People's Act, 1951. This mandates political parties to provide details of anonymous donations made in excess of Rs 20,000 in order to claim 100 per cent tax exemption.
70% mortality due to non-communicable diseases by 2020, says Joint Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare International conference jointly organized by the O.P. Jindal Global University (JGU), Harvard Global Health Institute and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Leading academics and policy makers from across India and the world debate on issues of universal health coverage in the country
India's universal health coverage policy needs to be extensive, considering the role of the states and Centre and lower than expected performance of healthcare services, experts opined here on Saturday at a conference on healthcare.
The Jindal Global Law School of O.P. Jindal Global University in collaboration with the Cornell Law School and Indian Law Institute brought together leading academics, scholars and practitioners for a compelling and thought provoking lecture by Eduardo M. Penalver, Dean and Professor, Cornell Law School who delivered the distinguished public lecture on "The Role of Legal Education in Protecting the Rule of Law".
Avirup Bose, assistant professor of competition law and policy at Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat, has been selected by the American Bar Association (ABA) and New York University (NYU)
The WTO dispute that India lost over solar power and the one that it has now filed against the U.S. are similar. It is best for both countries to find an amicable solution
If the news of Mohammad Fazili, the man who was incarcerated for 12 years with regard to the 2005 Delhi blasts, haunted you for all the torture and atrocities committed by the police force, know that this is but a common affair for the citizens of Kashmir.
In one of his first actions as President of the United States, Donald Trump ordered his country to withdraw from the controversial Trans Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP). The reason given for the withdrawal was not anti-trade. Instead, the Trump administration directed the United States Trade Representative to negotiate fresh bilateral agreements, instead of the multilateral TPP.
We are living in turbulent times, characterized by rapid technological change that bring untoward legal scuffles between those that are an integral part of an ongoing vortex of breakthroughs and disruptions.
“All hill-stations have their share of ghost stories” writes journalist Sheela Reddy. “But the Doon must be the only spot that can boast of so many writers, living and dead, who have turned their home into their muse.”
On January 1, 2017, Antonio Guterres began his five-year term as United Nations Secretary-General; 19 days later, Donald Trump began his own term as President of the United States.
With the whirlwind of disputes filed by India and the United States against each other, both challenging the other’s domestic content requirement in the renewable energy sector, we offer to provide some clarity on the issue. For simpler understanding we would refer to the case filed by the US challenging the domestic content requirement as the US case and the case filed by India as the India case.
Nostalgia must have a shelf life and any discussion on the state of Indian higher education systems cannot be relegated to the memory of the sub-continent’s ancient world-class universities of Nalanda and Taxila.
We all might concur that stalking in India is an annoyingly rampant issue. However, we must also concur that we will not be engaging with the issue entirely without looking into the culture that celebrates, even appreciates, stalking and voyeuristic behaviour. Two issues that have come to light in the recent past support this point.
We must always speak up and stand up for what we believe in whenever irrational voices try to drown the voice of reason and sanity. Freedom must be protected for its own sake and not just only on issues that affect us directly.
No other issue in the history of global governance has so often been discussed with so little progress being made as the reform of the UN Security Council. This article examines the attempts to improve the composition and the working methods of the Security, presents and evaluates the latest proposals for reform, such as a new category of extended renewable membership and a code of conduct restraining from veto in situations of mass atrocities, and concludes by making forward- looking suggestions, including a win- win formula (8+8+8) for composition of the Council that unifies the interests of all countries and regions in the world.
Iran is a key actor in the making of the most pressing questions of today’s Middle East, including the Syria civil-war, reconstruction of Iraq, the Lebanese issue and the future of Shiite minority in the Persian Gulf region.
Iran is a key actor in the making of the most pressing questions of today’s Middle East, including the Syria civil-war, reconstruction of Iraq, the Lebanese issue and the future of Shiite minority in the Persian Gulf region.
Among many laws, policies and practices inherited from the British, exclusive state control over forests and its resources is one that has gained relevance today as never before. The British initiated this trend for economic and political reasons; however, successive Indian governments since 1947 have chosen to forge ahead in the same direction of command-and-control. India’s conservation strategies resonate the attitudes of the British, who laboured to survey India’s forests and to exploit them without any accountability or interference from forest communities.
Aus firm partners with India’s largest law school
The Sawalkot hydroelectric project could be very damaging for Pakistan, reducing flows to the already water-stressed country.
Dr. Ramin Jahanbegloo's book Gadflies in the Public Space: A Socratic Legacy of Philosophical Dissent uncovers a rich dissenting tradition in philosophical thought stretching back to Socrates. Perhaps being a gadfly whose opposition to his native Iranian state earned him a four-month prison sentence makes him peculiarly suited to comment on the struggles of non-conformists. Indeed, Jahanbegloo is no stranger to the struggles of Indian gadflies against conformity. A frequent visitor to India from his adopted country of Canada and now vice-dean of Jindal Global Law School, he has spent many years studying the Gandhian philosophy of non-violence.
The power yield from the planned ten-fold increase in solar energy on an average will be as little as 20% of the total capacity, making little difference to India’s emissions.
The Supreme Court on 22 February lashed out at polluting industries, giving them a three-month ultimatum to install Primary Effluent Treatment Plants (PETP’s). Tackling the issue of river pollution, this order came in an effort to prevent untreated wastes from being discharged into water bodies. A failure to do so would lead to the shutting down of these non-compliant industries.
The nationalism narrative is harnessed to absolve us of any guilt…
While the world tears itself apart with raging debates over the drivers of climate change and projected impacts on sustainable human development, our waste just keeps piling up to turn development back a day every day. But issues of waste dig to the core of global policies such as Sustainable Development Goals (SDG: 2015-2030).
Trump’s policies will renew chances of a violent confrontation with Iran. This could strengthen hardliners and undercut moderates like Rouhani.
Three manual scavengers died this week in Bangalore, but who cares?
In the most recent turn of events in the tussle over domestic subsidies between the United States and India at the World Trade Organisation, the US, on 21 February vehemently opposed India’s plea to formulate a dispute resolution panel. This plea continues the case that India filed at the WTO in September 2016. India alleged that the domestic content requirements and subsidies provided by eight US states contravened WTO law, and are very similar to those under the Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission (JNSM) that the WTO Appellate Body earlier held to violate WTO law.
Chants of “ABVP, why so creepy? Delhi Police, why so sleepy?” filled the air outside Khalsa College on 28 February, where thousands of students and teachers had gathered to protest.
Agatha Christie’s first novel, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, was written more than a hundred years ago. It remains one of her most popular works.
By putting the NGT in charge of monitoring the Ganga, the Supreme Court has highlighted the ineptitude of the central government, which has failed to take major action for more than 30 years, despite the constant reproach of the judiciary.
Distinguished Hon. Mr. Justice Michael D. Wilson, Judge, Supreme Court of Hawai'i and Hon. Ms. Justice Sabrina S. McKenna, Judge, Supreme Court of Hawai'i have been appointed as “Honorary Adjunct Professors” at the Jindal Global Law School of the O.P. Jindal Global University.
The 2nd batch of the five-year B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) batch at Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) graduated in 2015 alongside the students of the three-year LL.B. and one-year LL.M. batch. A total number of 91 students from the B.A., LL.B. (Hons.) batch, 24 students from the LL.B. batch, while the total number of LLM graduates was 22.
The UGC regulations that call for ‘Minimum Standards and Procedure for Award of M.Phil/Ph.D Degrees’ have been implemented in JNU with an uncalled-for haste. This has resulted in an 83% seat cut, undermining the intended quantity and access to research, especially for students from socially deprived sections and far flung areas of India.
Erdogan’s referendum victory confirms that the AKP tried to disguise its Islamist identity under the banner of conservative democracy all along.
It has been decades since France has had presidential elections as crucial as this one. Elections which will determine not only the political destiny of one of the most powerful countries of the world for the next five years but will also had a severe impact, on the future of the European Union and, as a result, on the future of the world.
The Indian Army using a human shield in Kashmir to evade stone-pelters has caught significant media attention, leading to a number of questions under the purview of national and international laws. What is the relevant body of international law that deals with the prohibition of using human shields, and under what circumstances are these conventions applicable? What is the applicability of such a law in India’s context? The Indian Army is deployed in the hinterland of Jammu and Kashmir for counter-insurgency operations. However, this particular incident in Budgam was certainly not related to a counter-insurgency operation.
India is experiencing an acute water crisis. Over the last two decades, this crisis has caused widespread agrarian distress, disrupted the rural economy, and rendered countless farmers distraught, leading a number into suicide.
Universities have become the biggest threat to the government it seems. After tumultuous, widespread movements at Jawaharlal Nehru University, Hyderabad Central University, Jadavpur University and other universities, Panjab University is the most recent entrant into the list.
Air pollution in India causes at least a million deaths annually. In Delhi alone, over 30,000 people die every year due to air pollution, the main causes of which are increasing road traffic and factory pollutants, and crop and waste burning.
A degree in law has become a popular choice for students from all streams as it opens up career options in the corporate sector, legal and administrative services, apart from practising in courts
Building on the momentum of Prime Minister Modi’s 2014 visit to Australia, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull is currently on his maiden visit to India. Accompanying the Prime Minister is Australia’s Education Minister, Senator Simon Birmingham, and Vice Chancellors from Australia’s highest ranked universities, the Group of Eight. It should therefore come as no surprise that education is high on the agenda of this important bilateral visit.
After gaining a landmark victory in the recent 2017 legislative assembly elections, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, delivered a speech at the headquarters of his party. He emphasised once again developing a ‘new India’. If we go in accordance with the current level of pollution, global warming and greenhouse effect, the question that arises is whether future generations will ever be able to see that ‘new India’ or will it simply be taken as political rhetoric?
There is a need for judicial activism against outdated notions about the transgender community, and to uphold their rights to their own toilets.
Despite containing some characteristic Bollywood flaws, the film pushes viewers to question several axioms of our law and order system.
Born out of a complete disregard for the poor and the state’s refusal to care for the destitute, the cuts proposed in the Trump’s budget are cruel to say the least.
With the rise of populist politicians, the need for rebels in ideas and action in the Socratic tradition is greater than ever.
Early last year, students from the Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) started the Legal Entrepreneurship Cell (LEC), an initiative aimed at providing business advisory to early stage ventures, and pro bono advisory to Tibetan refugees, amongst other things.
To meet its energy requirement, India is currently looking at new locations to build up its nuclear power production. Nuclear power is currently India’s 5th largest source of electricity after Coal (61 per cent), Natural Gas (7.6 per cent), Hydroelectric (14 per cent), other renewables (14 per cent) and Nuclear (3.5 per cent). India aims to increase the percentage of nuclear power production in the overall energy supply to 9 per cent by 2026. It is part of India's plan to expand nuclear generation capacity to 63 gigawatts by 2032 from 6.8 gigawatts presently.
Last year, an article on Allama Muhammad Iqbal almost went into oblivion. Ironically, it was on why "Iqbal was going out of fashion".
Abstract: “Women’s economic status and social security is influenced by her ownership and control over immovable property. Since time immemorial framing of all property laws have been exclusively for the benefit of man. Devolution of property under family law is profoundly conditioned by historical legacies, statutory laws, personal laws as is evident in the development of succession laws of Canada and India. Though numerous notions of English succession law became part of both these countries due to prolonged colonial presence, with passage of time, these laws continued to evolve and differ from English law. This paper reflects the changes brought about by modern thought of equality and positive discrimination favoring women’s right to property in England, Canada and India. It also analyses the implication of existing statutory provisions, their judicial interpretations and desirous changes that could be brought to improve the social and economic conditions of women.”
Iran is a key player at the heart of the Middle East and West Asia. Apart from its obvious strategic importance, Iran is also a self-declared defender of the Shia cause around the Islamic world. This being said, Iranian politics is difficult to manage, with a complex structure and a complicated reality on the ground. And Iranian decision-makers are well aware of this.
Since this week, the ministry of railways has been considering increasing the fares of the lower berths in railway compartments, by 50 to 100 rupees.
Pehlu Khan was killed last month in one of the numerous instances of the emerging trend of terrorism, ‘Gautankwad’.This indicates the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, designed to induce terror and psychic fear for political or religious purposes. It seems to be perpetrated by state actors who are supposed to condemn it. This obsession with cow protection seems to have emerged from the Hindutva culture. But one wonders how successful they can be in cow worship since India’s rural community seems unwilling to rear cows any longer.
To reiterate a cliché, the rail journeys themselves become the destinations, rather than simply being peripatetic wagons.
Raising productivity, reforming land policies and solving the remunerative price mess will require massive amounts of public investment and political will. Is the Modi government up to the task?
Is the rise of extremist and exclusivist ideologies, which assess the world by inflexible dogma, seem inclined to conflict over dialogue and monologue over conversation and loathe diversity and dissent, only a threat to the course of global civilisation or is already eroding its very concept?
French electors made history by choosing Emmanuel Macron with more than 65% of votes. And with that they made Macron the youngest president in modern French history.
Editor's Note: A nation’s legal system is integral to how its citizens look upon issues that concern the country in general and their individual lives in particular. Despite having the world’s longest Constitution — not to mention, one that has gone through numerous amendments and the many directives by the Supreme Court that have secured the stature of de facto law, the Indian law books have struggled to evolve at a pace commensurate with the rapid changes society has undergone. As the load of being archaic becomes heavier on our law system, Firstpost introduces a 10-part series titled 'Letter of the Law' to push forward the debate on legal practices and the law itself. The series will explore a variety of aspects pertaining to Indian law through opinion and analyses.
A carbon tax policy might not be a magic wand programme but it is also less likely to face political opposition and compromise while creating new sectors for businesses and growth.
The students of Jindal Global Law School have received opportunities to pursue global legal internships in the United States of America, United Kingdom, China, Australia and Abu Dhabi. They have been invited to work in international law firms, NGOs and government agencies besides being given an opportunity to work as judicial clerks with the Supreme Court of Hawaii.
In the forward to The Decline of Civilization, Romila Thapar argues that the current concept of civilisation is a partial understanding of a segment of the societies and cultures of the past, and thus a limited concept.
Innovators and entrepreneurs must trust the patent system for intellectual property rights (IPR) if they are to embark on risky innovation gambles.
At a Major Law Conference Organized by the Two Institutions, Experts and Legal Eagles Exhort Indian Judicial System to Promote Mediation and Arbitration as a Way to Reduce Pendency
Jindal Global Law School students, Raveena Sethia, Sree Ramya Hari and Chetna Reddy, have secured a position in the World Rounds of the Herbert Smith Freehills Moot Court Competition. This is an annual mooting competition organized by The Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London, and sponsored by Herbert Smith Freehills, one of the world’s leading law firms.
A mere seven years since its inception, Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) recently organized a first of its kind moot court competition based on the law interfacing intellectual property and competition set in an international context.
NEW DELHI: The Wharton Business School, Jindal University and the American Society of International Law have collaborated in hosting the International Conference on Business Ethics and Corruption.
India and China have gradually wounded up for a very cold railway race to solidify their presence in Himalayan regions of Leh and Tibet, respectively. It is also a race to infrastructural arms that will have great impact on the Siliguri Corridor and the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, in the foreseeable future.
On November 28, 1846, an anonymous poem was published in Punch Magazine, titled “Kitchen Melodies – Curry”. Later, it was revealed in a collected edition of the author’s ballads and humorous writings, that the work belonged to William Makepeace Thackeray, writer of the famous The Vanity Fair.
You cannot maintain,” wrote Karl Marx, in 1853, “a net of railways over an immense country without introducing all those industrial processes necessary to meet the immediate and current wants of railway locomotion.”
The Internet of Things (IoT), a leap from the prevalent technology allowing devices to communicate with each other, can deliver a wealth of benefits that can potentially change the way electricity is used by communities. IoT is already touted as the fourth industrial revolution. Its potential is phenomenal even in rural areas where the need for connectivity (not just to the digital world, but to the mainstream in general) is greater. This holds true even for India. Rural India has specific characteristics that create challenges around quality of life, sustainability and wealth creation. The issues stem from the fact that populations tend to be small, often dispersed; where information flows through narrow and uneven channels; fragile economic activity base, and severely restricted access to digital infrastructure.
On July 4, the Supreme Court published its reasons, hitherto unknown, for convicting Justice CS Karnan for contempt of court and sentencing him to six months in jail. The Calcutta High Court judge was convicted on May 9 after he made repeated allegations of corruption against several members of the higher judiciary and accused them of targeting him because he was Dalit. Through its latest order, the Supreme Court has expressed hope that “public debate” might contribute to a “wholesome understanding” of the case. This article is a modest effort to answer that call, and argues that the Supreme Court, in convicting Karnan, departed from a number of procedural norms of its own making. In these deviations, the court may have itself undermined the judiciary in ways far more corrosive than Karnan’s theatrics.
It is difficult to imagine a world without novels. In the 21st century, where reading materials and methods are proliferating profusely, it is rather difficult to imagine the network of “events,” mostly sociocultural and political in nature, which defined the “rise” of the novel some four centuries ago.
The revised ‘Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management, Handling and Trans-boundary Movement) Rules, 2016’ are to come into force in October 2016. These rules promise to curb the menace of waste imports.
It is difficult to live through the American presidential campaign without stumbling on the concept of "The American Century" formulated in a 1941 Life magazine article of that title by Henry Luce.
Should India curtail its dependence on coal for energy or power? The writers discuss the current state of India’s coal industry and question the goal of higher coal output.
NEW DELHI: India should aspire to become a hub of neutral arbitration, a Supreme Court judge today said while claiming that most people in the country have immense faith in this alternative form of dispute resolution.
India, lacking the requisite culture for developing a strong arbitration system, has over 95 percent of arbitration turning out to be "ad hoc", it was revealed in a conference here.
Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) and Jindal School of Government and Public Policy (JSGP) at the O.P. Jindal Global University jointly hosted the International Conference on “Law and Liberty”.
We live in a time of widespread ethical relativism that has created an attitude of "anything goes" for the new generation. It's also a time that is witnessing widespread public scepticism about the critical role of philosophy.
A growing relationship between the UH Law School and a leading law school in India includes the start of a student exchange program for legal education, with the chance to evaluate similarities and differences in approaches to justice in both places.
The International Law Commission (ILC) was set up under the UN Charter as a reflection of a long-standing historical commitment, dating back to international peace conferences in the late 19thcentury, towards creating an independent body of the most highly qualified experts, drawn from around the world, who would be tasked with the‘progressive development of international law and its codification’.
A colonially induced forgetfulness seems to be working between India and Pakistan. For now, the war drums have unfortunately, drowned the voices of the villagers fleeing the Line of Control.
Man is a“zoon politikon”, a political animal, wrote Aristotle, nearly 2,400 years ago. Yet, 24 centuries later, the desire to turn citizens into unquestioning, unaccountable and servile human beings has become the principal motive for the development of politics in the contemporary world. The rise of populist politicians around the world is harbinger of a worrying trend: zombified populations are marching to the order of big mouth demagogues, with little respect to or comprehension of the political process and practice.
The rise of the ultra-right in future elections in Europe and the drastic appearance of populist figures like Donald Trump in US politics represent a turning point in the history of liberal democracies around the world.
A little late in the day, but I finally watched the much celebrated movie, Pink. It is undoubtedly a very significant film and deserves all the credit it has received so far for demolishing the myth of ‘characterless women; in sexual assault cases.
The impending appointment of a new United Nations secretary general provides an excellent opportunity to address some of the shortcomings in current processes – but the Security Council may not be totally on board.
Nothing is more fragile, nothing easier to destroy than cultural heritage that is at the mercy of historical oblivion. When a nation has the consciousness to remember its immediate or distant history, it also has the courage to ask questions about its past and to respect its national heritage. If this is the case, then the first question would be: is respecting a cultural heritage an endpoint or is it the beginning of a real national reconciliation?
New Delhi: He asked his mother kya isko khatam kar dun? (should I finish her off) when he thought I was sleeping,” she says. This was nearly five months ago. The question frightened her enough into moving back to her parents’ house.
The Indian Supreme Court referred the curative petitions to reopen its 2013 decision in Suresh Kumar Kaushal v Naz Foundation to a five-Judge Constitution Bench in February this year. With the current chief justice retiring in January next year, and the next chief justice also having a very limited tenure of seven months, there is considerable uncertainty, and anxiety about when the Constitution Bench would be set up, and whether it could answer the principal plea of the petitioners to recognise their sexual freedom, in the near future.
The issue of guaranteeing freedom for India’s sexually marginalised– even if they constitute the “minuscule” minority as the Kaushal Bench chose to call them in order to justify its decision, not to decriminalise Section 377 IPC – seems to have, in the meantime, significantly influenced culture and politics, even while freezing its legal dimension. But this interface between law and cultures of activism has its not-so-apparent nexus with the neoliberal economy and state policies, which remains to be explored, and studied.
Early this year, the team from Jindal Law School comprising Harsh Loonker, Siddharth Agarwal, Aman NL, Shivansh Malik and Suprotik Das qualified to participate in the annual ICC mediation Competition, Paris thorough a regional pre-moot held in NLSIU. In this e-mail interview, Bar & Bench talks to them about their journey at the competition.
The government’s demonetisation drive has sparked a row with the opposition, which has spilled over into the ongoing winter session of parliament. As the recent debate-free passage of the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill indicates that the government is deploying every possible means to quell the rising din of critical voices. At the same time, the opposition’s desire to probe the government’s actions and question its proposals is very much in line with our most cherished political values. During the Constituent Assembly debates, principal drafter B.R. Ambedkar extolled the virtues of the legislative scrutiny of the executive, stating that “the daily assessment of responsibility…is…effective…and far more necessary in a country like India”. He wanted India to break free of the colonial legacy of impotent legislatures cowering before an all-powerful executive. So he decided to make the executive answerable to the legislature by adopting the parliamentary system of government.
The draft version of the Indian government’s forthcoming National IP Policy has stated that the government ought to devise ‘a strong, balanced, predictable and transparent IP regime’, and that foreign companies must be encouraged to bring their IP-protected inventions and creations to India along with investment and technology transfer and establish their manufacturing, R&D and outsourcing bases in India. There has been a long drawn debate on the interface between IP and competition law, which has also received much scholarly attention and scrutiny.